Caracterización del turismo médico transfronterizo en Ciudad Juárez motivado por la crisis derivada del COVID-19


Characterization of cross-border medical tourism in Ciudad Juarez motivated by the crisis derived from COVID-19

https://doi.org/10.21670/ref.2206090

Autores/as

Palabras clave:

turismo médico, pandemia, salud transfronteriza, estado de bienestar

Resumen

El trabajo vincula la movilidad transfronteriza y el turismo médico durante la pandemia de COVID-19. El objetivo fue analizar el comportamiento del turismo médico en Ciudad Juárez durante octubre de 2020 a julio de 2021 de esta pandemia. La variable contextual es la movilidad regular frente a la actividad del comercio de servicios de salud de las ciudades fronterizas. Es un estudio cualitativo y exploratorio de 34 entrevistas semiestructuradas de casos reales. Se encontraron pacientes transfronterizos que acuden a Ciudad Juárez en busca de atención sanitaria para la enfermedad de COVID-19 en hospitales públicos y privados y para la atención y seguimiento de las secuelas relativas. En las conclusiones se expone la vulnerabilidad de las personas que realizan turismo médico y las deficiencias institucionales que abonan a los desafíos del estado de bienestar durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Se identifica la noción de la funcionalidad de las fronteras.

Abstract

The work links cross-border mobility and medical tourism during the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective was to analyze the behavior of medical tourism in Ciudad Juárez during October 2020 to July 2021 of this pandemic. The contextual variable is regular mobility compared to the activity of the trade in health services in border cities. It is a qualitative and exploratory study of 34 semi-structured interviews of real cases. Cross-border patients who come to Ciudad Juárez in search of health care for COVID-19 disease in public and private hospitals and for the care and follow-up of the related sequelae were found. The conclusions expose the vulnerability of people who carry out medical tourism and the institutional deficiencies that contribute to the challenges of the welfare state during the COVID-19 pandemic. The notion of the functionality of borders is identified.  

Citas

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2022-04-08

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Biografía del autor/a

María Teresa Martínez Almanza

Mexicana. Es doctora en ciencias humanas y de la cultura por la Universidad de Girona, España. Cuenta con una maestría en educación y la especialidad en docencia en educación superior. Es profesora-investigadora en el Departamento de Ciencias Sociales de la UACJ. Tiene los reconocimientos al perfil Prodep y del Sistema Nacional de Investigadores. Es miembro de la Red Iberoamericana de Investigadores sobre Administración de Justicia, Nuevas Tecnologías y Derechos Humanos (Redhitec). Líneas de investigación: frontera, turismo médico, políticas públicas, gobernanza y migración. Publicación reciente: Martínez Almanza, M. T. (Coord.). (2021). Migración: una mirada multidisciplinar. Tirant lo Blanch.

Santos Morales

Mexicano. Maestro en ciencias jurídicas por la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez. Docente-investigador del Departamento de Ciencias Jurídicas de la UACJ. Tiene el reconocimiento al perfil Prodep. Líneas de investigación: frontera, turismo médico, políticas públicas, gobernanza y migración. Publicación reciente: Martínez Almanza, M. T., Guía Julve, J., Morales Muñoz, S. A. & Esparza Santillana, M. A. (2018). Border medical tourism: the Ciudad Juárez medical product. Anatolia, 30(2), 258-266. https://doi.org/10.1080/13032917.2018.1519216

Jorge Antonio Breceda Pérez

Mexicano. Doctorado por la Facultad de Filosofía de la Universidad de Barcelona, España. Profesor-investigador del Departamento de Ciencias Jurídicas de la UACJ. Miembro del Sistema Nacional de Investigadores. Líneas de investigación: derecho constitucional y derechos humanos. Publicación reciente: Breceda Pérez, J. A. (2020). Violencia en la expresión de extranjero: el uso inadecuado del lenguaje en la designación de credenciales estatales. O Público e o Privado, 18(36). https://revistas.uece.br/index.php/opublicoeoprivado/article/view/3901