Definición de la frontera entre Estados Unidos y México como hiperrealidad


Definig the US-Mexico border as hyperreality

https://doi.org/10.21670/ref.2001.04.a05

Autores/as

  • Carlos A. Duarte-Herrera Universidad Estatal de Arizona.

Palabras clave:

Periferia, sistema social transfronterizo, estación en circuitos transnacionales

Resumen

La frontera México-Estados Unidos ha sido definida como periferia, como sistema social transfronterizo, y más recientemente como una estación en circuitos transnacionales. Las dos primeras definiciones presuponen los fuertemente criticados conceptos de región y área cultural. La tercera definición comparte con las anteriores la suposición epistemológica positivista de que la frontera es una entidad dada que puede ser conocida y experimentada tal cual es por cualquier observador, independientemente de su locación social. En este artículo se argumenta a favor de la definición de la frontera como una hiperrealidad constituida por discursos, prácticas y experiencias de diversos actores sociales. Desde esta postura, la imagen de la frontera como una división geopolítica formal es interpretada como una imagen sustentada y reproducida por agencias de gobierno. Se argumenta en cambio, a favor de la documentanción y promoción de las imágenes alternativas construidas y reproducidas por actores sociales desde diferentes locaciones de poder.

Abstract

The US-Mexico border has been defined as a periphery, as a transborder social system, and more currently, as a station in transnational circuits. The two first definitions presuppose the strongly criticized concepts of region and cultural area. The third definition shares, along with the other two definitions, the positivist epistemological supposition that the border is a specific entity that can be known and experienced as such by any observer, no matter their social site. This paper is to support the definition of the border as a hyperreality constituted by speeches, practices, and experiences of the different social actors. From this posture, the image of the border as a formal geopolitical division is interpreted as a sustained image and reproduced by government agencies. Likewise, this writing is to support the documentation and promotion of alternative images constructed and reproduced by social actors from different power sites.

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2002-07-01

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Biografía del autor/a

Carlos A. Duarte-Herrera

Estudiante del Doctorado en Antropología Social de la Universidad Estatal de Arizona.