Los México-americanos en San Antonio, Texas: Análisis de su inserción en autoempleo formal


Mexican Americans in San Antonio Texas: An analysis of their insertion in formal self-employment

https://doi.org/10.21670/ref.2015.31.a07

Autores/as

  • José Luis Manzanares Rivera El Colegio de la Frontera Norte.

Palabras clave:

empleo, Geografía Humana, mexicanos en Estados Unidos.

Resumen

Este trabajo analiza la inserción de la población de origen mexicano en el mercado laboral en San Antonio, Texas; en particular, responde a la interrogante sobre los determinantes del empleo en empresas propias formalmente registradas. La metodología analiza microdatos de la encuesta americana de comunidades (ACS, por sus siglas en inglés) mediante la herramienta estadística de estimación logística. Los principales resultados indican que atributos como el dominio del idioma inglés o el origen de la persona podrían contribuir al entendimiento de la inserción en el mercado laboral de la población de origen mexicano que vive en Estados Unidos y no necesariamente cons tituyen barreras para la inserción en el mercado laboral bajo la categoría de autoempleo en ciudades de migración tradicional como San Antonio, Texas.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the insertion of the Mexican population in the job market in San Antonio, Texas. In particular, it responds to the question of what determines employment in individual, formally incorporated businesses. The methodology analyzes microdata from the American Community Survey (acs) using a logistic statistical estimation tool. The main results indicate that attributes such as command of the English language or an individual’s origin could contribute to an understanding of job market insertion for the Mexican population living in the U.S. and do not necessarily constitute barriers for labor market insertion in the self-employment category in cities with traditional migration such as San Antonio, Texas.

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2015-01-01

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Biografía del autor/a

José Luis Manzanares Rivera

El Colegio de la Frontera Norte.