Las fronteras de la pandemia: lecciones para la gobernanza y la cooperación en las ciudades de la frontera México-Estados Unidos


The borders of the pandemic: lessons on governance and cooperation in United States-Mexico border cities

https://doi.org/10.21670/ref.2104067

Autores/as

Palabras clave:

COVID-19, gobernanza, cooperación transfronteriza, actores locales, refronterización, frontera



Resumen

Este artículo documenta y analiza la respuesta de las ciudades de la región fronteriza México-Estados Unidos a la emergencia sanitaria y a un proceso sustancial de refronterización desencadenado por el COVID-19. Como muchos otros países, la estrategia principal de Estados Unidos y México para contener la propagación del coronavirus ha sido la adopción de medidas de distanciamiento social y restricciones a la movilidad, incluyendo el cierre de la frontera común. Una implicación inmediata de este proceso es el reforzamiento de la presencia de los gobiernos nacionales en la gestión de la salud fronteriza y, potencialmente, la contracción de los espacios de gobernanza en los que participan tradicionalmente actores subnacionales. Mediante el análisis de datos secundarios de ocho pares de ciudades fronterizas contiguas, se examinan las respuestas de actores locales a la pandemia en el marco de un proceso acelerado de refronterización y se perfilan escenarios de gobernanza y cooperación trasfronteriza pospandemia.

Abstract

This article documents and analyzes the response of cities in the u.s.-Mexico border region to the health emergency and a significant process of rebordering triggered by COVID-19. Like many other countries, the United States and Mexico's primary strategy to contain the spread of coronavirus has been the adoption of social distancing measures and restrictions on mobility, including the closure of the common border. An immediate implication of this process is the strengthening of national governments' presence in border health management and, potentially, the contraction of governance spaces in which subnational actors traditionally participate. By analyzing secondary data for eight pairs of co-adjacent border cities, local actors' responses to the pandemic are examined in the context of a rapid rebordering process and postpandemic governance, and cross-border cooperation scenarios are explored.

Citas

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Publicado

2021-03-26

Número

Sección

Sección temática. Las fronteras y los impactos de la pandemia de COVID-19
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Biografía del autor/a

Francisco Lara-Valencia,

Mexicano. Doctor en planeación urbana por la Universisity of Michigan. Profesor asociado en la School of Transborder Studies, de la Arizona State University, Estados Unidos. Líneas de investigación: desarrollo regional, sustentabilidad urbana, calidad de vida. Publicación reciente: Lara-Valencia, F. (2020). Transborder spaces and regional identity in North America: a comparative analysis. En G. Correa-Cabrera & V. Conrad (Eds.), North American Borders in Comparative Perspective. University of Arizona Press.

Hilda García-Pérez,

Mexicana. Doctora en epidemiología por la Universidad de Michigan. Investigadora del Departamento de Estudios de Población en El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, sede Nogales, México. Líneas de investigación: disparidades de salud en población femenina y adolescente en la región Sonora-Arizona. Publicación reciente: García-Pérez, H. & Lara-Valencia, F. (2021). Association between neighborhood parks and leisure-time physical activity among adult Mexican women. Retos, 41, 544-554.