Learning in Baja California micro-enterprises

  • Michelle Texis Flores
    mtexis@uabc.edu.mx
    Universidad Autónoma de Baja Californi
  • Alejandro Mungaray Lagarda
    mungaray@uabc.edu.mx
    Universidad Autónoma de Baja Californi
  • Martín Ramírez Urquidy
    martinramirez@uabc.edu.mx
    Universidad Autónoma de Baja Californi
  • Natanael Ramírez Angulo
    natanael@uabc.edu.mx
    Universidad Autónoma de Baja Californi
Keywords: microenterprise, learning, learning curve, average cost, returns to scale

Abstract

Mexico’s business structure has been characterized by the presence of microenterprises, particularly those averaging two workers, representing 65% of establishments in 2008 and 18% of employment. This makes them important for equity and welfare improvement of their members. This paper analyzes the performance of a group of 227 microenterprises in the state of Baja California, by the use of a practical application of the concept of learning curve arranged to incorporate returns to scale. The results indicate that in 48% of cases there is evidence of learning processes and 58% exhibited increasing returns to scale. This allows evaluating the development potential of these microenterprises and the design and implementation of proactive programs that encourage their learning and consolidation in the market.

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Published
1-January-2011
Section
Articles
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Michelle Texis Flores
Profesores e investigadores de tiempo completo de la Facultad de Economía y Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.
Alejandro Mungaray Lagarda
Profesores e investigadores de tiempo completo de la Facultad de Economía y Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.
Martín Ramírez Urquidy
Profesores e investigadores de tiempo completo de la Facultad de Economía y Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.
Natanael Ramírez Angulo
Profesores e investigadores de tiempo completo de la Facultad de Economía y Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.