Possibilities of Mexican SMEs insertion in the aerospace industry value chain, the Baja California case

Keywords: aerospace industry, SMEs, foreign direct investment, Baja California, value chain.


The goal of this article is to analyze the aerospace industry in Baja California, Mexico. The methodology is based on the application of an electronic questionnaire and face-to-face in depth interviews. Our results shows that the insertion of companies has been conditioned by several factors: the basic certification is only the first step; the real challenge is to find niches of opportunity and bargaining power to achieve a productive contract, which demands entrepreneurial, legal and economic skills. This analysis is a pioneer in the study of Mexican companies participating in this emerging sector. The main limitations were the access to the companies’ information and the rejection to participate in the study. The main finding is there are very few Mexican suppliers integrated to the global value aerospace chain but if the trend of growth is maintained, it may had greater integration in the near future, and possibly a greater economic spill and technology transfer.


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Juana Hernández Chavarria
Mexican. PhD in Research in Social Sciences by Flacso-Mexico. Graduated in Administration and Master in Economy and Management of Innovation by the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco. She performs a postdoctoral degree in the Faculty of Economics of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México and is a member of the Thematic Network Convergence sponsored by the Conacyt and candidate in the National System of Investigators. Research lines: technological and organizational capacities, technological innovation and new productive modalities in emerging sectors.
Jorge Carrillo
Mexican. He has been a professor-researcher at El Colegio de la Frontera since its founding in 1982. He holds a PhD in Sociology from El Colegio de México. He has the highest category within the sni and is a member of editorial committees of important magazines in Mexico and abroad. He actively participates in boards of directors of international research networks. In 2015 he received the State Award of Science and Technology of Baja California. Among his recent publications: Carrillo, J. H. & Micheli, J. (2017). Huawei y Foxconn: casos pioneros de la nueva internacionalización y expansión regional de China en México. Estudios Sociales, Revista de Alimentación Contemporánea y Desarrollo Regional, 27(50).