https://doi.org/10.21670/ref.2017.36.a07

¿Es importante la frontera en el debate sobre cobertura de salud? Un análisis de la localización de los proveedores de servicios médicos en el lado mexicano de la frontera

José Luis Manzanares Rivera

Resumen


En este trabajo se examinan los patrones de localización de los proveedores de servicios médicos en las ciudades fronterizas en el lado mexicano. La metodología se basa en análisis estadístico de microdatos en ambos lados de la frontera, empleando el Directorio Estadístico de Unidades Económicas (denue) como fuente primaria. Los resultados permiten identificar las siguientes actividades específicas con alta concentración relativa en las ciudades fronterizas: consultorios dentales del sector privado (naics código 621211) ci = 1.32, consultorios de medicina general del sector privado (naics  código 621111) ci = 1.16, laboratorios médicos y de diagnóstico del sector privado (naics código 621511) ci = 1.02, otros consultorios del sector privado (naics código 621398) ci = 1.03. Adicionalmente para la ciudad de mayor tamaño en la muestra estudiada, se determinó la existencia de un cluster alrededor de los cruces fronterizos. Los resultados sugieren que las necesidades de servicios médicos transfronterizas  en la región representan mecanismos de integración binacional con oportunidades sociales para la población local. 


Palabras clave


cuidado de la salud, frontera México-EE.UU., demanda transfronteriza, pobreza.



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