Costos indirectos de transporte en el proceso de cruce fronterizo: El comercio entre Estados Unidos y México

Indirect Transportation Cost in the border crossing process: The United States–Mexico trade

  • Carlos Obed Figueroa Ortiz
    Universidad Panamericana-Aguascalientes
Palabras clave: Costos Indirectos de Transporte, Modelo de Equilibrio General Computable, comercio bilateral México-E.U., integración económica, proceso de cruce fronterizo..


Se implementó un Modelo de Equilibrio General Computable para estimar los costos indirectos de transporte (CIT) del comercio bilateral en la frontera entre México y Estados Unidos utilizando como base de datos una Matriz de Contabilidad Social. Aquí se asume un esquema de transporte tipo "iceberg" para determinar los costos a afrontar, resultantes del proceso de cruce fronterizo por los puntos de entrada existentes entre ambos países. El período estudiado incluye datos anuales desde 1995 hasta 2009, permitiendo analizar las tendencias de estos costos a la luz de la liberalización comercial experimentada. Los resultados muestran que los CIT han experimentado una disminución de 12% durante este período.


Using a Social Accounting Matrix as database, a Computable General Equilibrium model is implemented in order to estimate the Indirect Transportations Costs (ITC) present in the border crossing for the U.S.–Mexico bilateral trade. Here, an “iceberg–type” transportation function is assumed to determine the amount of loss that must be faced as a result of border crossing process through the ports of entry existing between the two countries. The study period covers annual data from 1995 to 2009 allowing the analysis of the trend of these costs considering the trade liberalisation that is experienced. Results show that the ITC have experienced a decrease of 12% during the period.Test


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Carlos Obed Figueroa Ortiz
Universidad Panamericana-Aguascalientes, Escuela de Economía y Negocios. Adress: Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer 101, C. P. 20290, Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes, México. Email: